Health Disease What causes of kidney failure? How can we protect...

What causes of kidney failure? How can we protect it?


In different cases, kidney failure is caused by many of other health problems which have done permanent damage (harm) to your kidneys little by little, over time. When it is damaged, it may not work as well as they should. It damage to your kidneys continues to get worse & your kidneys are less & less able to do their job, you have a chronic disease.

Kidney failure is the final (most severe) stage of chronic disease CKD. This is why human its failure is also called final-stage renal disease, or ESRD for short.

Diabetes is the most common cause of ESRD. High blood pressure is the 2nd most common cause of the ESRD. Other problems which can cause kidney failure include:

  • Autoimmune diseases, such as IgA & lupus nephropathy
  • Genetic diseases (diseases you’re born with), such as the polycystic disease
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Urinary tract problems

Sometimes it can stop working very suddenly (within 2 days). This type of kidney failure is called acute renal failure or acute injury. Common causes of the acute renal failure include:

  • Heart attack
  • Illegal drug use & drug abuse
  • Not enough blood flowing to the kidneys
  • Urinary tract problems

This type of kidney failure is not permanent always. It may go back to normal or almost normal with treatment & if you do not have other serious health problems.

Having 1 of the health problems which can lead to failure doesn’t mean that you will definitely have kidney failure. Living a healthy lifestyle & working with your doctor to control these health problems can help it works for as long as possible.

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Failure Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) usually gets worse slowly, & symptoms may not appear until it is badly damaged. In the late stages of CKD, as it is near failure (ESRD), you may notice symptoms that are caused by waste & extra fluid building up in your body.

If you may notice one or more of the following symptoms if your kidneys are beginning to fail:

  • Itching
  • Muscle cramps
  • Nausea & vomiting
  • Not feeling hungry
  • Swelling in your feet & ankles
  • Too much urine (pee) or not enough urine
  • Trouble catching your breath
  • Trouble sleeping

If human  stop working suddenly (acute kidney failure), you may notice one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal (belly) pain
  • Back pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Nosebleeds
  • Rash
  • Vomiting

Having one or more than one of any of the symptoms above may be a sign of serious kidney problems. If you notice any of these symptoms, you should contact your family doctor right away.

Treatment of Kidney Failure

If you have kidney failure (ESRD or final-stage renal disease), you will need a transplant or dialysis to live. There is no cure for ESRD, but most of the people live long lives while on dialysis or after having a kidney transplant.

There are just a few options for treating kidney failure, including kidney transplant & several types of dialysis. Your doctor can help you to figure out which treatment is best for you.


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