“Dengue is a viral infection which transmitted by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito.”
There are different four types of the dengue virus (DEN 1, DEN 2, DEN 3 and DEN 4). Dengue Symptoms appear in 3–14 days (average 4–7 days) after the infective bite. Dengue fever is a flu-like illness that affects young children and adults.Dengue Fever has no specific treatment. Severe dengue is a potentially lethal complication but early clinical diagnosis and careful clinical management by experienced physicians and nurses can save lives.
More than 70% of the disease burden is in the Western Pacific and South-East Asia. In Caribbean and Latin America, the incidence and severity of disease have increased rapidly in recent years. The Eastern Mediterranean and African regions have also recorded more outbreaks of the disease in the last ten years. Since 2010in Europe, indigenous transmission of dengue has also been reported. Urbanization, rapid movement of goods and peoples, favorable climatic conditions and lack of trained staff have all contributed to the global increase of dengue.
Some symptoms which usually begins four to six days after infection and last for up to 10 days, may include
- Sudden High Fever
- Pain behind the eyes
- Severe headaches
- Severe joint and muscle pain
- Skin rashes, (rashes appear two to five days after onset of fever)
- Mild bleeding (like nose bleed, bleeding gums or easy bruising)
Sometimes, symptoms are mild and can be mistaken for those of the flu and another viral infection. Peoples and Younger children and who have never had the infection before tend to have milder cases than older children and adults. However, serious problems can be developed.These include a rare compilation characterized by high fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever, damage to lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from the nose and gums, enlargement of the liver, and failure of the circulatory system. The symptoms may progress to massive bleeding, shock, or death. This shock is called dengue shock syndrome (DSS).
Many people with weakened immune systems as well as those with a second or subsequent dengue infection are believed to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever.
There is no vaccine available against dengue, and no specific medications to treat a dengue infection. This makes prevention the most important step, and prevention means avoiding the mosquito bites if you live in or travel to an endemic area.
The best way to reduce mosquitoes is to eliminate the places where the mosquito lays their eggs, like artificial containers that hold water in and around the home. Outdoors, clean water containers like pet and animal watering containers, flower planter dishes or cover water storage barrels regularly. Look for standing water indoors such as in vases with fresh flowers and clean must at least once a week.
The adult mosquitoes like to bite inside as well as around homes, during the day and at night when the lightson. Use repellent on your skin while indoors or out to protect yourself. Wear long sleeves and pants for additional protection when possible. Make sure also window and door screens are secure and without holes. Use air-conditioning if available.
Take extra precautions to prevent mosquitoes from biting the patient and going on to bite others in the householdif someone in your house is ill with dengue. Sleep under a mosquito bed net, wear repellentto eliminate mosquitoes you find indoors!
Dengue treatment In Holy Quran by recitation of Surah Al-Anaam, Verse # 17 & 18 in morning and evening.
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